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Tags: , , , , | Category: Agriculture, Farmers, environment

Effect of draught…

India’s annual monsoon rainfall has been 27% lower than the 50-year average in the June 1-Aug 17 period. In Bihar annual rainfall this year is 43% lower than the average of last 50 years(some media is quoting more than 50% shortfall). There was a shortfall of 57.7 per cent in paddy crop coverage and 27.4 per cent in maize.
In some parts of the country, paddy farmers this year used 30 litres of diesel per acre against the usual consumption of 10 litres of diesel on paddy transplantation. According to Nitish Kumar (CM of Bihar), draught in Bihar is affecting 1.26 crore families in 26 districts.
WE are getting report collected from volunteers of Prabhat. In Pojh about 60% paddy has been transplanted using private irrigation system. However farmers are finding it difficult to provide further irrigation to their crop.
Irony of draught is that due to more sunny days, there is more water loss through evapo-transpiration and paddy crop need more frequent irrigation. There is credit problem as Bank is not providing special draught related loan immediately. As there is more expenses to grow the crop and there is no credit, farmers finding it difficult to maintain the standing crop.
In many villages around (Lohan, Chebara, Chero etc) farmers have not transplanted any paddy crop. They left their seedling without retransplantation.
Bihar government has declared 26 districts draught affected but still there is no announcement of relief measure. Only 2% farmers in Bihar have got insurance for their crop. So almost all farmers will be on the mercy of GOD or will become part of political game.

For cropping year 2009-2010, central government has announced support for paddy to Rs 950/qtl and Rs 980/qtl for Common and Grade A varieties increasing up by 11.76%. The cost of growing paddy in draught year is almost 30-40% more. So even farmers who dared to grow paddy this year will not get good return on their investment.

The low support price hike for both paddy and pulses in this drought year, expected by the goverment to incentivise debt burdened farmers of both commodities to cover more area next year, was taken at a meeting of the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) which met here under the aegis of PM Manmohan Singh, is being justified by the government on the count that it wants to keep any increase in the consumer prices for these commodities in check.

So the objective of government is check the inflation and keep the general consumer happy on expense of poor farmers….

Vikas

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1 comment to Effect of draught…

  • PK

    It will be interesting to see general link between large farmers community and general consumer of India. How they are affected by inflation? If India has more than 60% farmers/farm labourers, 5% people in highest bracket, 15-25% middle class (including urban working class), and rest urban poor class. If most of middle class can afford moderate inflation then what government is trying to protect is 5-10% people. By general rule of democracy government should safeguard interest of majority (60% farmers), so why it is not happening?
    Further what you are explaining is against general consensus in India that government is spending more on farmers that any other section of the society, and mind it return from this section is marginal. Can I know your views on my doubts?

    PK
    Urban dweller

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